Carbon Nanotube Based Flow-Through Electrochemical Cell for Electroanalysis.


Buffa A, Erel Y, Mandler D. Carbon Nanotube Based Flow-Through Electrochemical Cell for Electroanalysis. Anal. Chem. (Washington, DC, U. S.)Analytical Chemistry (Washington, DC, United States). 2016;88 (22) :11007 - 11015.

Date Published:



A flow-through electrode made of a C nanotubes (CNT) film deposited on a polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) membrane was assembled and employed for the detn. of low concn. of Cu as a model system by linear sweep anodic stripping voltammetry (LSASV). CNT films with areal mass ranging from 0.12 to 0.72 mg cm-2 were characterized by measurement of sheet resistance, H2O permeation flux and capacitance. Also, CNT with two different sizes and PTFE membrane with two different pore diams. (0.45 and 5.0 μm) were evaluated during the optimization of the electrode. Thick layers made of small CNT exhibited the lowest sheet resistance and the greatest anal. response, whereas thin layers of large CNT had the lowest capacitance and the highest permeation flux. Electrodes made of 0.12 mg cm-2 of large CNT deposited on 5.0 μm PTFE enabled sufficiently high mass transfer and collection efficiency for detecting 64 ppt of Cu(II) within 5 min of deposition and 4.0 mL min-1 flow rate. The anal. response was linear over 4 orders of magnitude (10-9 to 10-5 M) of Cu(II). The excellent performance of the flow-through CNT membrane integrated in a flow cell makes it an appealing approach not only for electroanal., but also for the electrochem. treatment of waters, such as the removal of low concns. of heavy metals and orgs. [on SciFinder(R)]


CAPLUS AN 2016:1686824(Journal; Online Computer File)