Determination of the heterogeneous association constants of metal ions to omega-mercaptoalkanoic acids by using double-layer capacity measurements

Citation:

Burshtain D, Mandler D. Determination of the heterogeneous association constants of metal ions to omega-mercaptoalkanoic acids by using double-layer capacity measurements. ChemphyschemChemphyschem : a European journal of chemical physics and physical chemistry. 2004;5 (10) :1532 - 9.

Date Published:

2004///

Abstract:

The binding of metal ions to ligands in homogeneous solutions and that to the same ligands anchored to metallic surfaces through self-assembled monolayers (SAMs) are expected to differ primarily due to the difference in the degree of freedom of the ligands and the surface potential. We studied the heterogeneous binding of CdII ions to omega-mercaptoalkanoic-acid SAMs on Au. This was accomplished by adding metal ions at a constant pH and following the changes in the double-layer capacity. A mathematical treatment, which is based on calculating the electrochemical-potential differences at the double layer-solution interface, has been developed. Our approach follows that proposed by White et al. and Kakiuchi, who used the acid-base equilibrium at the monolayer-electrolyte interface as a means of calculating the pK of ionizable SAMs. Experimentally, SAMs of omega-mercaptoalkanoic acids, HS(CH2)nCO2H, with different chain lengths (i.e., n=2, 5, and 10) in 0.1 M sodium perchlorate were assembled on Au surfaces and studied. The capacity was measured first in the absence of CdII at different pH values, and then at a constant pH while increasing the concentration of CdII in the solution. We found that the interfacial capacity decreased as the concentration (of either protons or CdII) increased. The results matched the model fairly well, which allowed the extraction of the thermodynamic equilibrium constant that is established at the monolayer-electrolyte interface. The suggested mathematical treatment of this model system is simple and yet very useful for estimating the heterogeneous association constants of metal ions by SAMs.[on SciFinder (R)]

Notes:

MEDLINE AN 2004563716(Journal; Article; (JOURNAL ARTICLE))