The effect of surface attachment on ligand binding: studying the association of Mg2+, Ca2+ and Sr2+ by 1-thioglycerol and 1,4-dithiothreitol monolayers.

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The difference in the heterogeneous binding of Mg2+, Ca2+ and Sr2+ ions by 1-thioglycerol (TG) and 1,4-dithiothreitol (DTT) spontaneously adsorbed monolayers on Au has been studied following the changes in the double layer capacity. A math. treatment, based on calcg. the electrochem. p.d. at the monolayer-electrolyte interface, has followed our recent work1 which dealt with the acid-base equil. at the interface as a means of calcg. the pK of ionizable SAMs and their binding with Cd2+. Exptl., spontaneously adsorbed monolayers of TG and DTT were assembled on Au surfaces and studied by impedance spectroscopy and a.c. voltammetry (ACV). The capacity was measured for each of the modified surfaces at increasing concns. of the divalent metal ions sep. The goal of this study has been to examine the effect of metal ion binding by similar ligands that are differently attached onto the surface. TG and DTT monolayers differ in their flexibility, which is a result of their attachment to the surface through one and two arms, resp. The general trend of the apparent heterogeneous assocn. consts. of the divalent metal ions, which were calcd. from the capacity measurements, was substantially different from the classical Irving-Williams series2-4 that is applicable to homogeneous systems. This difference could be nicely explained by the redn. of the degree of freedom and flexibility of the attached ligands. [on SciFinder(R)]


CAPLUS AN 2005:1317465(Journal)