Journal Articles
Bar-Asher Siegal EA. Is the Aramaic of the Zohar artificial?. IJS Studies in Judaica. Forthcoming;Late Aramaic: The Linguistic and Literary Background of the Zohar.
Bar-Asher Siegal EA. Review of Sjors, Ambji:Srn: Historical Aspects of Standard Negationin Semitic. Leiden/Boston: Brill 2018. XVI, 478 S. 8° =Studies in Semit ic Languages and Linguistics 91. Orientalistische Literaturzeltung. 2021;2021 (116) :376-379. review_sjors_final.pdf
Bar-Asher Siegal E. The Formation and the cognitive knowledge of literary langauges: the case of Hebrew and Aramaic in the Middle Ages. Hebrew Studies. 2021;62 :343-363.Abstract

This paper characterizes Medieval Hebrew and Aramaic as literary languages and seeks to explain how a 'literary language' namely a language used mainly in literary contexts arises, while utilizing three types of research: comparative philological research, which compares different languages and texts in terms of their vocabulary and grammar; sociolinguistic research, which examines the social functions of language use; and psycholinguistic research, which (in this particular case) examines issues of language acquisition. The paper builds on philological studies of literary languages to explain how the grammar of these languages evolves. It assumes that the acquisition of such languages is similar to second-language acquisition, while taking into account that these languages are both acquired and used in a strictly literary context. The main argument of the paper is that literary languages should be studied the same way as other languages, because ultimately after making some adjustments motivated by their particular functions they are compatible with the standard models of second-language acquisition.

Bar-Asher Siegal EA. The Interrogative-Indefinite Puzzle in the Context of Biblical Hebrew. Journal for Semitics 28 . 2019;28.Abstract

The biblical corpus features a number of verses in which interrogative pronouns appear in non-interrogative contexts. The same phenomenon is observed in many other languages and gives rise to the question known in the linguistic literature as “the interrogative-indefinite puzzle,” namely, what is the natural connection between the interrogative and indefinite functions. This paper seeks to explore how this question should be examined in the context of the Biblical Hebrew data. It will be argued that a consideration of typological observations can yield important insights into this question. Subsequently, it proposes a formal semantic analysis of the indefinite pronouns in question and shows how the proposed approach can help explain their distribution.

The History of the Formsאילולי and אלמלי: Linguistic, Diachronic, and Textual Transmissions. Leshonenu. 2019;81 :95-111.Abstract

In the scholarship, the discussions of the semantics of Aramaic אלמלי/אלמלא אילולי/אילולא throughout the history of Hebrew have focused on the function of these expressions as sometimes simply marking the head of a counterfactual con

In the scholarship, the discussions of the semantics of Aramaic אלמלי/אלמלא אילולי/אילולא  throughout the history of Hebrew have focused on the function of these expressions as sometimes simply marking the head of a counterfactual condition, but at other times denoting "if not." This paper is divided into two, separately published parts. The first part follows the tradition that the answer to this puzzle lies in historical changes and dialectal variations. The second part  examines various alterations that occurred during the transmission of the texts in which these forms appear. This type of study has the ability to shed light on the semantic interpretations of these expressions and, at the same time, on the linguistic knowledge of those who transmitted these texts. Thus, this paper aims to contribute to the linguistic analysis of these expressions and to our understanding of the ways in which talmudic texts were transmitted, namely, the phenomena that could affect their content.


Bar-Asher Siegal EA. Can the Grammar of Babylonian Aramaic Be Used in Evaluating the Language of the Zohar, and If So, How?. Kabbalah: Journal for the Study of Jewish Mystical Texts . 2017;37 :17-28.
Bar-Asher Siegal EA. Notes concerning the emergence of negation words in the Semitic languages. Leshonenu. 2017;79 :44-63. notes_on_the_emergence_of_negation_words.pdf
Bar-Asher Siegal EA. Rhetorical Questions in Jewish Babylonian Aramaic. Language Studies. 2017;17 (18) :179-204. rhetorical_questions_in_jewish_babylonia.pdf
Bar-Asher Siegal EA. Philological Research with Sociolinguistic Constraints. Carmillim . 2017;13 :176-199 . final_paper_carmilim.pdf
Bar-Asher Siegal EA. The Semitic templates from the perspective of reciprocal predicates. Proceedings of the 10th Mediterranean Morphology Meeting. 2016 :16-30. the_semitic_templates_from_the_perspecti.pdf
Siegal 2016 EAB-A. Linguistics and Philology in the Study of the Epigraphic Finds from the Judean Desert: The State of the Art and Reflections on Future Studies. Leshonenu . 2016;78 :247-268. linguistics_and_philology_in_the_study_o.pdf
Bar-Asher Siegal EA. Review of, Shatil Nimrod, Developments in Contemporary Hebrew. Lǝšonénu . 2015;75 :413-417.
Bar-Asher Siegal EA. The case for external sentential negation: evidence from Jewish Babylonian Aramaic. Linguistics . 2015;53 :1031-1078. the_case_for_external_sentential_negatio.pdf
Bar-Asher Siegal EA, Boneh N. Reconsidering the emergence of non-core dative constructions in Modern Hebrew. Journal of Jewish languages . 2015;3 :309-323. reconsidering_the_emergence_of_non-core.pdf
Bar-Asher Siegal EA. What Is New in the NP-Strategy for Expressing Reciprocity in Modern Hebrew and from Where Does It Come?. Journal of Jewish languages . 2015;3 :245-258. what_is_new_in_the_np-strategy_for_expre.pdf
Bar-Asher Siegal EA, Boneh N. Modern Hebrew non-core dative in their context. Lǝšonénu . 2014;76 :461-495 .
Bar-Asher Siegal EA. From a Non-Argument-Dative to an Argument-Dative: the character and origin of the qṭīl lī construction in Syriac and Jewish Babylonian Aramaic. Folia Orientalia . 2014;51 :59-111. from_a_non-argument-dative_to_an_argumen.pdf
Bar-Asher Siegal EA. Reciprocal NP-Strategies in Jewish Dialects of Near Eastern Neo-Aramaic in Light of Parallel Semitic Constructions. Journal of Jewish languages . 2014;2 :49-77 . reciprocal_np-strategies_in_jewish_diale.pdf
Bar-Asher Siegal EA. Some generalizations concerning the morphology of the verbal system of Jewish Babylonian Aramaic. Nit'e Ilan: Studies in Hebrew and Related Fields Presented to IIan Eldar. 2014 :103-118. some_generalizations_concerning_the_morp.pdf
Bar-Asher Siegal EA. Notes on the history of reciprocal NP-strategies in Semitic languages in a typological perspective. Diachronica. 2014;31 :337-378. notes_on_the_history_of_reciprocal_np-st.pdf