A dispersability study on poly(thiophen-3-yl-acetic acid) and PEDOT multi-walled carbon nanotube composites using an analytical centrifuge

Citation:

Harel Y, Azoubel S, Magdassi S, Lellouche J-P. A dispersability study on poly(thiophen-3-yl-acetic acid) and PEDOT multi-walled carbon nanotube composites using an analytical centrifuge. Journal of Colloid And Interface Science [Internet]. 2013;390 :62 - 69.

Date Published:

2013/1/15/15 Jan

Abstract:

The present study investigated the influence of a covalently grown polythiophene (polyTh)-based adlayer on the N-methyl-2-pyrrolidone (NMP) dispersion of chemically modified multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs). Poly(thiophen-3-yl-acetic acid) (PTAA), poly(ethylenedioxythiophene) (PEDOT), and PTAA/PEDOT co-polymer have been oxidatively grown from the surface of functional MWCNTs afforded corresponding polyThA-, polyThB-, and polyThA/B-MWCNTs, respectively. To study and quantify the MWCNT particle sedimentation behavior of corresponding dispersion systems, an analytical centrifuge system was used. Comparison of dispersion quality of such polyTh-MWCNT composites with both commercial MWCNTs (COM-MWCNTs) and oxidized MWCNTs (polyCOOH-MWCNTs) was established. Analysis of sedimentation results combined with TGA, Elemental Analysis (EA), and Kaiser Test data showed that the COOH groups present on the surface of MWCNTs strongly promote the dispersability much beyond current sedimentation rate observed for COM-MWCNTs, – sedimentation rates were higher than 80% and below 2% for oxidized polyCOOH-MWCNTs. However, regarding MWCNTs coated with polyTh polymers in a core (MWCNT)–shell (polyTh) structure, outer functional groups are not the only influential factor for promoting high dispersion qualities. For these dual phase composite systems, the weight and thickness of polyTh-shell on the composite must be considered.

Notes:

Accession Number: S0021979712010053; Author: Harel, Yifat (a); Author: Azoubel, Suzanna (b); Author: Magdassi, Shlomo (b); Author: Lellouche, Jean-Paul (a, ⁎); Affiliation: Department of Chemistry, Nanomaterials Research Center, Institute of Nanotechnology & Advanced Materials, Bar-Ilan University, Ramat-Gan 52900, Israel; Affiliation: Casali Institute of Applied Chemistry, Institute of Chemistry, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Jerusalem 91904, Israel; Number of Pages: 8; Language: English;

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