Silver Nanoparticles as Pigments for Water-Based Ink-Jet Inks.


Magdassi S, Bassa A, Vinetsky Y, Kamyshny A. Silver Nanoparticles as Pigments for Water-Based Ink-Jet Inks. Chem. Mater.Chemistry of Materials. 2003;15 (11) :2208 - 2217.

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Stabilized concd. citrate-reduced silver nanocolloids for use as pigments in ink-jet inks were prepd. CM-cellulose was used as a polymeric stabilizer providing both electrostatic and steric stabilization. X-ray diffraction pattern, optical properties (UV-visible spectroscopy), size (TEM and dynamic light scattering), and zeta potentials of the nanoparticles were studied. It was shown that the product is silver with cubic symmetry. Absorption spectra are characterized, as a rule, by asym. absorption bands with maxima at 417-440 nm and shoulders at 350-352 and 380-382 nm. TEM images of unstabilized and stabilized colloids indicate the formation of nanoparticles of different shapes (spheres, hexagons, cubes, and rods) with rather wide size distribution in the range from several nanometers (spheres) up to several hundreds of nanometers (rods). CMC was found to be an effective stabilizer of silver nanoparticles, and the av. particle size at CMC concns. from 0.025 to 0.2 wt. % does not exceed 50 nm. Both unstabilized and stabilized silver nanoparticles display neg. zeta potentials in the pH range from 2 to 9; the maximal neg. values are obsd. at pH 6-8 (-27 ± 5 mV for unstabilized and -33 ± 5 mV for CMC-stabilized colloids, resp.). Concd. dispersions of silver nanoparticles (1.1 wt. % of silver), which were stable for at least 7 mo, were prepd. by exhausted lyophilization of the freshly prepd. colloids followed by redispersion. These nanoparticles in the presence of proper wetting agent, such as Disperbyk, can be used as pigments in ink-jet ink formulations for printing on various substrates (paper, glass, and transparencies). The stabilizing agent, CM-cellulose, also acts as a binder, providing good adhesion of ink to the substrates. [on SciFinder(R)]


CAPLUS AN 2003:312365(Journal)