Working memory capacity of biological movements predicts empathy traits

Citation:

Z., Gao, Ye T., Shen M., and Perry A. “Working memory capacity of biological movements predicts empathy traits.” Psychonomic Bulletin & Review 23, no. 2 (2016): 468 - 475.

Abstract:

Working memory (WM) and empathy are core issues in cognitive and social science, respectively. However, no study so far has explored the relationship between these two constructs. Considering that empathy takes place based on the others' observed experiences, which requires extracting the observed dynamic scene into WM and forming a coherent representation, we hypothesized that a sub-type of WM capacity, i.e., WM for biological movements (BM), should predict one's empathy level. Therefore, WM capacity was measured for three distinct types of stimuli in a change detection task: BM of human beings (BM; Experiment 1), movements of rectangles (Experiment 2), and static colors (Experiment 3). The first two stimuli were dynamic and shared one WM buffer which differed from the WM buffer for colors; yet only the BM conveyed social information. We found that BM-WM capacity was positively correlated with both cognitive and emotional empathy, with no such correlations for WM capacity of movement

Publisher's Version

Last updated on 12/19/2017