S. Frishman, A. Gumennik, H. Ilan, and A. J. Agranat, “A Bragg grating embedded in a slab waveguide fabricated by the implantation of high-energy light ions in KLTN substrate,” Applied Physics B - Lasers and Optics , vol. 115, no. 1, pp. 143-147, 2014. Publisher's VersionAbstract
Electro-optically tunable transmission grating was imprinted in potassium lithium tantalate niobate by irreversible spatial patterning of the dielectric constant. While embedded into waveguided architecture, it provides a reliable and versatile building block for opto-electronic circuitry, capable of both active switching and multiplexing. Realization of such a block is critical for the fabrication of integrated photonic circuits in electro-optic substrates by means of Refractive Index Engineering by fast ion implantation.