Time-dependent exchange-correlation current density functionals with memory


Kurzweil, Y. ; Baer, R. Time-dependent exchange-correlation current density functionals with memory. J. Chem. Phys. 2004, 121, 8731–8741.
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Most present applications of time-dependent density functional theory use adiabatic functionals, i.e. the effective potential at time t is determined solely by the density at the same time. This paper discusses a method that aims to go beyond this approximation, by incorporating "memory" effects: the potential will depend not only on present behavior but also on the past. In order to ensure the derived potentials are causal, we formulate the action on the Keldysh contour for electrons in electromagnetic fields, from which we derive suitable Kohn-Sham equations. The exchange correlation action is now a functional of the electron density and velocity field. A specific action functional is constructed which is Galilean invariant and yields a causal vector potential term to the Kohn-Sham equations that incorporates causal memory effects. We show explicitly that the exchange-correlation Lorentz force is zero. The potential is consistent with known dynamical properties of the homogeneous electron gas (in the linear response limit).



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